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Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the Gheshlagh bauxite deposit, southeast of Gorgan


Title (Dublin Core)

Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the Gheshlagh bauxite deposit, southeast of Gorgan

Description (Dublin Core)

The Gheshlagh bauxite deposit is located 110 km southeast of Gorgan. The deposit has been developed as a stratiform horizon with more than 2 km length and a thickness of about 25 m along the contact of Ruteh and Elika carbonate formations. Textural analysis indicates both allochthonous and autochtonous origins for the bauxites. Bohemite, diaspore, anatase, rutile, hematite, goethite, kaolinite, svanbergite, pyrite, and quartz were identified in the ore paragenesis. Based on textural and mineralogical evidence, the deposit can be divided into five distinct units including upper bauxite, upper kaolinite, hard bauxite, lower kaolinite and lower bauxite. Accumulation coefficients of trace elements and geochemical indices such as Ti/Cr, TiO2/Al2O3, Zr/Ti and Nb/Y, combined with the geological evidence suggest the basaltic rocks of the Soltanmeidan Formation as the main source of bauxite materials. Combination of mineralogical and geochemical data shows that the deposit formed in two main stages. First, bauxite materials, Fe and Ti oxides and clay minerals developed as authigenic bauxitization processes of basaltic parent rock. Then, these materials were transported to karst depressions and were accumulated as a bauxite horizon.

Creator (Dublin Core)

Rezgar Faramarzi
Gholam Hossein Shamanian
Behnam Shafiei Bafti

Subject (Dublin Core)

trace elements
geochemical indices

Publisher (Dublin Core)

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Date (Dublin Core)


Type (Dublin Core)


Identifier (Dublin Core)


Source (Dublin Core)

Journal of Economic Geology, Vol 4, Iss 1, Pp 29-45 (2012)

Language (Dublin Core)


Relation (Dublin Core)

Provenance (Dublin Core)

Journal Licence: CC BY