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POSTOJANOST TRAHIT-TRAHIANDEZITA UGRAĐENOG NA PJEŠAČKO-KOLNIČKOJ KONSTRUKCIJI

Item

Title (Dublin Core)

hrv POSTOJANOST TRAHIT-TRAHIANDEZITA UGRAĐENOG NA PJEŠAČKO-KOLNIČKOJ KONSTRUKCIJI
eng THE PERSISTENCE OF TRACHYTE-TRACHYANDESITE BUILT INTO PEDESTRIAN-ROADWAY CONSTRUCTION

Description (Dublin Core)

hrv Prirodni kamen određen kao trahit-trahiandezit s lokaliteta Colli Euganei u blizini Padove u Italiji ugrađen je na kolničko-pješačkoj konstrukciji Tkalćičeve ulice u Zagrebu. Uzorci kamena, prije ugradnjie, podvrgnuti su brojnim određivanjima fizičkih i mehaničkih svojstava (gustoće, volumne mase, upijanja vode, poroznosti, tlačne čvrstoće, otpornosti na habanje struganjem, čvrstoće na savijanje, postojanosti na smrzavanje i na Na2SO4, brzine prolaza ultrazvučnih valova, te mikroskopskim i rendgenskim analizama, fotografiranju elektronskim mikroskopom). Utvrđeno je da oko 30% ugrađenog kamena ne odgovara postojećim važećim ili opće prihvaćenim kriteri¬jima o kakvoći prirodnog kamena. Povećanog je upijanja vode i po¬roznosti, velikog pada tlačnih čvrstoća u vodom zasićenom stanju, nedovoljno otporan na habanje i na Na2SO4, anizotropan, sadrži bu-breće gline iz skupine smektita, te brojne defekte posebice u obliku mikroblokova kao posljedice postdijagenetskih procesa. Premda uzorci pripadaju istoj vrsti stijene, razlike medu kamenim elementima su velike. Makroskopski gledajući materijal je vrlo heterogen. U uzorcima kamena slabije kakvoće nalaze se manje ili više brojni subparalelni smeđi i sivi proslojci debljine približno 1—2 mm s povećanim udjelom sekundarnih minerala željeza, Željezovi oksidi i hidroksidi manje ili više impregniraju dijelove stijene, mrljasto ili trakasto, a ponegdje je intenzivno impregniran i čitav uzorak. Impregnaciju intenziviraju bubreće gline i brojne šupljine duž kojih se kamen osipava.
eng Natural stone defined as trachyte-trachyandesite from the locality Colli Euganei near Padua in Italy is built into roadway-pedestrian construction of the Tkalčićcva street in Zagreb. Stone samples were subjected before in-building, to determinations of physical and mecha¬nical properties (density, bulk density, water absorption, porosity, compressive strength, resistance to abrasion, flexural strength, frost resistance and to Na2SO4, velocity of ultrasonic propagation, micros¬copic and X ray analyses and to photographing by electronic micros¬cope. It was found that about 30% in-built stones do not suit to existing criteria on the quality of natural stone. Water absorption and porosity are increased, compressive strength in the water saturated condition is very decreased, the stone is not enough resistant to wear-out and to Na2S04, it is anisotropic and contains swelling clays of the smectite group and numerous defects especially in form of microblocks as consequences of postdiagenetic processes. Although the samples belong to the same rock type, the differences among stone elements are great. Macroscopically materia! is very heterogeneous. In less qualitative stone samples there are more or less numerous sub-parallel brown and gray partings of the thickness approximately 1 -2 mm with enlarged share of secondary iron minerals. Iron oxides and hydroxides mainly impregnate the rock parts, spotty or stripy; somewhere the complete sample is impregnated intensively. The impregnation is intensified by swelling clays and numerous holes along which stone is crumbling.

Creator (Dublin Core)

Tomašić, Ivan
Vrkljan, Maja
Helinger, Gordan
Bušić, Miroslav
Tibljaš, Darko

Subject (Dublin Core)

hrv prirodni kamen;trahit-trahiandezit;fizičko-mehanička svojstva;petrografska svojstva
eng natural stone;trachyte-trachytandesite;physical-mechanical properties;petrografic properties

Publisher (Dublin Core)

Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering University of Zagreb

Date (Dublin Core)

2000

Type (Dublin Core)

text
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

Format (Dublin Core)

application/pdf

Identifier (Dublin Core)

https://hrcak.srce.hr/13426
hrv https://hrcak.srce.hr/file/20588

Source (Dublin Core)

Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik
ISSN 1849-0409 (Online)
Volume 12
Issue 1

Language (Dublin Core)

hrv

Rights (Dublin Core)

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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