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Index Geophysics

The Palaeogeography of Lake Pannon During Deposition of the Congeria rhomboidea Beds


Title (Dublin Core)

eng The Palaeogeography of Lake Pannon During Deposition of the Congeria rhomboidea Beds

Description (Dublin Core)

eng Lake Pannon covered the area of the Pannonian Basin during the late Miocene. According to the seismic profiles, prograding deltas from the NW and NE resulted in the S-SE migration of the northern palaeoshoreline and the gradual aggradation of the lacustrine basin. The molluscan fauna living in the lake underwent a very rapid evolution. For the younger species, the possibilities of spreading became more and more restricted due to the gradual shoaling of the lake.

The bivalve species Congeria rhomboidea M. HÖRNES occurs widely in the Upper Pannonian (Pontian sensu Stevanovic) deposits of Hungary and the neighbouring countries. Its evolution is relatively well understood. According to magnetostratigraphic data this species appeared in the lake 8.5 mya. According to the maximal geographical distributions of C. rhomboidea and its ancestor Congeria praerhomboidea STEVANOVIC occurring in sublittoral clay and silt along with the representatives of Prosodacnomya coming from littoral and lagoon deposits of the same age the estimated water coverage was around 75,000 km2 at the time of first emergence of C. rhomboidea in the lake. In the north the distribution of C. praerhomboidea is strictly restricted to the north of that of C. rhomboidea, its descendent, implying a clear S-SE trend in the migration of the lake’s northern palaeoshoreline. Distributions of the littoral Prosodacnomyas in relation to the sublittoral C. rhomboidea of the same age display a similar pattern. Meanwhile the western and southern palaeoshorelines underwent only minor fluctuations.

Creator (Dublin Core)

Gulyas Jr., S.

Subject (Dublin Core)

eng Molluscs (Bivalve); Index fossil; Palaeobiogeography; Neogene; Late Miocene; Lake Pannon

Publisher (Dublin Core)

Croatian Geological Survey

Date (Dublin Core)


Type (Dublin Core)


Format (Dublin Core)


Identifier (Dublin Core)

Source (Dublin Core)

Geologia Croatica
ISSN 1330-030X (Print)
ISSN 1333-4875 (Online)
Volume 54
Issue 1

Language (Dublin Core)


Rights (Dublin Core)

Full text of articles are freely accessable. Subscription to print issue is 500,00 Kn (80 Eur) per volume.