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Analysis of an eastward electrojet by means of upward continuation of ground-based magnetometer data


Title (Dublin Core)

en-US Analysis of an eastward electrojet by means of upward continuation of ground-based magnetometer data

Description (Dublin Core)

en-US On October 26, 1975, data from two parallel meridian chains of densely spaced magnetometers in Northern Scandinavia indicated the presence of an evening sector eastward electrojet which between 1606 and 1710 UT was two-dimensional. By separating the relevant components of the magnetic disturbance fields into internal and external parts, and by subsequent upward continuation (towards the source) of the external horizontal component, equivalent height-integrated ionospheric current densities were derived as a function of latitude and time. Whereas the demarcation line between the eastward and westward ionospheric electrojet currents remained stationary, the sharp southern border of the eastward electrojet moved towards the south with a speed of about 50 ms-1 , possibly indicating an earthward movement of the inner edge of the magnetospheric plasma sheet. The maximum eastward height-integrated current density was of the order of 0.5 Am-1 , the corresponding large-scale field-aligned current density has been estimated to have been of the order of 1.0 μAm-2 . After 1630 UT there was evidence for a superposed stationary small-scale structure (wavelength of the order of 250 km) in the eastward flow, which would imply a pair of local field-aligned current sheets possibly related to an auroral arc.

Creator (Dublin Core)

Mersmann, U.
Baumjohann, W.
Kuppers, F.
Lange, K.

Subject (Dublin Core)

en-US Magnetic variations
en-US Scandinavian magnetometer array
en-US Field separation
en-US Upward continuation of external fields
en-US Eastward auroral electrojet
en-US Field-aligned currents
en-US Data

Publisher (Dublin Core)

en-US Journal of Geophysics

Date (Dublin Core)


Type (Dublin Core)

en-US Peer-reviewed Article

Format (Dublin Core)


Identifier (Dublin Core)

Source (Dublin Core)

en-US Journal of Geophysics; Vol 45 No 1 (1978): Journal of Geophysics; 281-298

Language (Dublin Core)


Relation (Dublin Core)