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Index Geophysics

A model of electrical resistivity beneath NE-Iceland, correlation with temperature


Title (Dublin Core)

en-US A model of electrical resistivity beneath NE-Iceland, correlation with temperature

Description (Dublin Core)

en-US Short period magnetotelluric measurements (15 s–1 h) were made at 19 sites in NE-Iceland, distributed over the neovolcanic zone and the adjoining older Tertiary flood basalt areas. With model-calculations of one- and two-dimensional resistivity distributions a characteristic model was found for the lower crust and upper mantle. Beneath a thin surface layer the resistivity is 100 Ωm except within the active neovolcanic zone where it is 50 Ωm. This layer extends to a layer with low resistivity of 15 Ωm. The low-resistivity layer is about 5 km thick. The depth of its upper boundary increases from 10 km to about 20 km with increasing distance from the rift axis. The resistivity beneath the low-resistivity layer is about 100 Ωm down to at least 100 km. Comparison of field data with laboratory measurements on conductivity at high temperatures indicates that the low-resistivity layer consists of partially molten basalt at a temperature of 1,000° –1,100° C. The underlying layer very probably consists of partially molten ultramafic rocks and is presumably the uppermost part of the mantle beneath Iceland. The basaltic low-resistivity layer is interpreted as the base of the crust formed by upward movement of the basaltic melt fraction from the mantle.

Creator (Dublin Core)

Beblo, M.
Bjornsson, A.

Subject (Dublin Core)

en-US Magnetotellurics
en-US Iceland
en-US Electrical model
en-US Crust-mantle interface
en-US Temperature
en-US Partial melting
en-US Solid Earth

Publisher (Dublin Core)

en-US Journal of Geophysics

Date (Dublin Core)


Type (Dublin Core)

en-US Peer-reviewed Article

Format (Dublin Core)


Identifier (Dublin Core)

Source (Dublin Core)

en-US Journal of Geophysics; Vol 47 No 1 (1980): Journal of Geophysics; 184-190

Language (Dublin Core)


Relation (Dublin Core)